When the pandemic broke out in March 2020, my spouse and I reduce brief a visit to Norway, altering flights and canceling reservations that included a practice journey from Bergen to Oslo that we had booked utilizing Euro Railways. All the opposite distributors reimbursed us way back, however we nonetheless haven’t acquired the $334 we’re owed from Euro Railways. In August 2020, the corporate’s director, Tom Louis, wrote to “ask our collectors for time to reorganize our funds” to keep away from declaring chapter. Honest sufficient. However since then, they haven’t responded to our emails. Any assist can be very a lot appreciated. Douglas in Richfield, Minn.

I can’t say I’m shocked you by no means heard again from Tom Louis at Euro Railways, as a result of from researching your difficulty, I believe he by no means existed. The truth is, the Euro Railways firm not exists, both. The journey company as soon as registered in Coral Gables, Fla., went out of enterprise in 2020, in response to its former proprietor, Washington Cunha, whom I communicated with over e-mail from his dwelling in Brazil.

Starting in August, Mr. Cunha wrote, the corporate will attempt to restart its enterprise and steadily reimburse or refund cash to prospects. He added that the corporate was “actually sorry” for the inconvenience. (Mr. Cunha wouldn’t say whether or not Mr. Louis was an actual individual, however I combed by many paperwork concerning the firm and noticed no signal of him, neither is there any hint of him on LinkedIn or the corporate’s social media; his writing fashion within the e-mail you handed alongside contained grammatical errors just like Mr. Cunha’s.)

If he’s true to his phrase, there’s a probability that you just would possibly ultimately get your a reimbursement.

That stated, I wouldn’t get your hopes up, as I’ll clarify quickly. However earlier than we get into the nitty-gritty of your difficulty, your e-mail was one in all many I acquired complaining of tour operators and journey companies dragging their ft on refunds for journeys or different companies canceled due to the pandemic.

In lots of instances, journey firms refunded their shoppers speedily; others by no means did. However whereas it’s value noting that the huge wave of cancellations that pummeled the journey business in early 2020 induced vexing issues for all, third events like journey companies that function middlemen have been harm particularly. These firms have been ready on refunds from railways, airways, motels and automotive rental companies, and have been thus confronted with the problem — as Mr. Cunha lamented to me — of getting repaid to have the ability to refund their very own prospects. Money move points might turn out to be overwhelming, and typically it’s much more difficult than that, as companies should observe the extensively various cancellation, credit score and refund insurance policies of the businesses they purchase from, and interpret these for the patron.

Many smaller companies, like Euro Railways, succumbed to the monetary stress and closed. Mr. Cunha informed me that his workers had honored 68 % of refund requests from prospects regardless of rail firms — like Spain’s Renfe and Germany’s DB, he stated — solely honoring 23 % of refund requests from Euro Railways. Mr. Cunha famous that in lots of instances he had acquired credit score from the businesses for future practice journey however reimbursed prospects in money. (After I individually contacted these rail firms, a Renfe consultant stated all tickets had been refunded no matter situations and DB didn’t reply to a request for remark.) That left Euro Railways with a destructive money move, Mr. Cunha stated, even because it nonetheless owes $128,000 to individuals such as you.

If that’s true, you had significantly unhealthy luck. Age-Christoffer Lundeby, the communication supervisor for Vy, the Norwegian rail firm that runs the Bergen to Oslo trains, despatched me documentation exhibiting Vy had refunded Euro Railways for the worth of your tickets, cash that clearly by no means made it to you.

Sadly, you aren’t the primary individual to have issues with Euro Railways. The corporate has a historical past of complaints on-line, from this TripAdvisor thread that started 10 years in the past to these registered with the Better Business Bureau. The state of Florida administratively dissolved Euro Railways in 2018 for failing to supply an annual report, and by no means reinstated it within the two years or so earlier than Mr. Cunha stopped working.

And maybe most manifestly, in 2020, Euro Railways was sued by Rail Europe, a significant participant in rail tickets — it introduced the Eurail move to the USA in 1959 — for which Euro Railways was an affiliated agent. Rail Europe claimed Mr. Cunha’s firm owed them $38,000 that Mr. Cunha had agreed in writing to pay in 2018. In 2021, a Broward County decide issued a default judgment towards Euro Railways, ordering Mr. Cunha to pay greater than $40,000. Neither Rail Europe nor Mr. Cunha would say whether or not that debt was ever settled, however Mr. Cunha wrote: “I can guarantee you we have been those harmed in a unilateral breach of enterprise relationship.”

I attempted to observe up, and likewise broached the subject of whether or not Tom Louis was an actual individual. That seemed to be the final straw, and Mr. Cunha switched to Portuguese (which he knew I spoke), telling me to “go scare a pig,” a Brazilian equal of “go fly a kite” or “go bounce in a lake.” He didn’t reply to subsequent emails.

So, alas, I couldn’t recuperate your cash, however your story does make clear two usually complicated points that would assist fellow vacationers: the right way to reserve practice tickets in Europe, and what to do in case you can’t get a refund.

For the practice ticket query, I turned to Mark Smith, who based the splendidly obsessive practice web site Seat61.com. He stated there’s actually no want to make use of middlemen like Euro Railways. As an alternative, Google the practice operator within the nation the place your journey begins and e book straight by them.

“Ignore completely every part with the letters ‘advert’ in entrance of it,” Mr. Smith stated, and go straight to the natural outcomes. “You’ll save hours of your life by doing that.”

For those who run into hassle — some European operators English-language websites are simpler to navigate than others — attempt reserving with the operator within the nation the place your journey ends, though you then received’t be capable to get tickets printed at your station of departure so, make certain you get an e-ticket.

Mr. Smith additionally stated that in case you run into any issues, or have to e book for a number of international locations, use both Rail Europe or Trainline, which he discovered to be dependable third-party websites with affordable charges that work with many, however not all, European rail firms.

And for these nonetheless working into obstacles pursuing refunds due to the pandemic, right here’s what I’ve found:

First, make certain you’re proper. Sometimes, vacationers e book for the incorrect date, overlook an e-mail with an essential change or decide out of insurance coverage after which instinctively blame the corporate. (And by “vacationers” I imply me.)

In case you are proper, begin by exhausting all efforts with the corporate itself, at all times being agency however well mannered, and doing as a lot as you may in writing.

Then, flip to on-line evaluations or dialogue boards. It’s possible you’ll or might not elicit an organization response, however even in case you don’t, you’ll be warning others about your expertise. Be honest and rational — as a substitute of venting, give a exact, detailed account of what occurred.

An alternative choice is to register a grievance with the Higher Enterprise Bureau, or with the legal professional normal of the state the place the enterprise is predicated.

Outcomes might differ, however after receiving a number of complaints concerning the Boston-based Abroad Journey Journey relating to pandemic refunds — as my predecessor, Sarah Firshein also had — I took one complainant’s recommendation and known as the Massachusetts legal professional normal’s workplace.

Roxana Martinez-Gracias, a spokeswoman, informed me that since January 2020, the A.G.’s workplace had acquired greater than 950 complaints concerning the firm and that “the bulk” needed to do with pandemic cancellations. The Shopper Advocacy and Response Division of the A.G.’s workplace has recovered greater than $9.1 million from Abroad Journey Journey, and practically $4 million from different journey firms.

After I requested for a response from the corporate, I acquired a press release from Ann Shannon, a spokeswoman.

“The Covid-19 pandemic has created extraordinary, ongoing challenges for the journey business,” she wrote in an e-mail. “We proceed to reply as shortly as attainable to all vacationers with refund requests below the circumstances.”

An underwhelming response, however not less than she didn’t inform me to go scare a pig.

For those who want recommendation a couple of best-laid journey plan that went awry, send an email to trippedup@nytimes.com.


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